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Chimney Rock on Defeat Ridge January 19, 2010

Posted by Jenny in bushwhacking, hiking, Smoky Mountains.
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Thunderhead Mtn. from Bote Mtn. road. Photo by Brian Stansberry

I wrote this account 20 years ago or so.  It is about a portion of the Defeat Ridge manway, which leads from the valley of the Middle Prong of the Little River to the summit of Thunderhead Mountain in the Smokies.

Chimney Rock is located on the section of the Defeat Ridge manway that rides along the crest of the ridge, after the manway has climbed up out of the Middle Prong valley but before it leaves the crest to work its way through the rhododendron hell on the slope of Thunderhead Mountain.  Its elevation is  about 4000′.

On a day in late summer, we started our journey at the abandoned logging grade beside Sams Creek.  These grades crisscross the whole Middle Prong valley, an area that was heavily logged before the days of the Park.  As you walk through the thriving second growth forest, you can pick up pieces of coal that were thrown off by the logging locomotives.  You can imagine men shouting as they sawed down the giant trees.

But the deep green woods are quiet now.  We followed the grade to a small chasm once crossed by a trestle, rockhopped across the stream, and scrambled up the bank on the other side.  Cutting across a switchback, we  pursued the weedy grade as it chugged its way up along Thunderhead Prong.

We wrestled our way through a place where dense grapevine had overrun the woods.  Every now and then we would come out into the sun, poke our heads around, and see how the vine had poured itself over everything, turning trees into shapeless green lumps.  Under the warm summer sky, it smelled like a pasture run to weed.

Once past the vines, we crossed Thunderhead Prong on a disintegrating bridge to start the climb up to Defeat Ridge.  For the first time, we left logging grades to follow a trail that had been created as a footpath.  This path had long since been abandoned, but we had no trouble following it through the thick debris of the woods as it snaked up the side of the ridge.

On the ridgetop, the manway swings around and climbs slowly southward, staying a little below the crest so that you walk along the side of a steep slope with the spacious woods below.  You approach the crest gradually, reaching it at an intersection of abandoned paths.  There is something pleasing about standing in the center of this junction that is hidden away in the wild woods, which no one knows about any more.

You continue straight ahead on the manway, carpeted here softly with pine needles.  The rhododendron that you’ve noticed here and there gets thicker, closes in.  Its wiry brown arms bend over the path, which has become a child’s path or a troll’s path, not high enough for you to stand up straight.  You tunnel under the arching branches.  Dwarf pines grow on both sides.  And upward you climb, the ridge dropping off to your left and to your right.

You don’t have to go far beyond the junction to reach Chimney Rock.  You notice a mass of stone just off to the left.  You climb up out of the trough of the path and find yourself at the base of a large gray lichen-covered rock.  You grasp its cool knobs and haul yourself up on top of it, your toes scrabbling for a foothold.

And suddenly the great blue valley opens up before you.  The dense pines and rhododendron that roofed over the world for so long have subsided into green waves lapping at your feet.  You see that you are sitting on top of a wart on a broad fold of mountain.  This hump stretches up to the very top of Thunderhead.  Ahead, Davis Ridge rises up to the giant Smokies crest, and across the vast bowl you see Blanket Mountain and beyond that mountains behind mountains.

We reached this spot at midday.  The sky had gone a light pearly gray.  We ate the sandwiches and cheese and apples we’d brought, dropping our crumbs into the treetops.

And then we saw the hawks.  There were two of them, riding the air currents over the valley.  They made fast silent tracks through the substance that was invisible to us, but which flowed thickly under their wings.  They were not performing for us.  But they stayed overhead, wheeling to slice back over the ridge, to soar, turn, dive, turn.  I asked myself what they saw, how they thought.

We climbed down from the rock, swallowed up again by the forest.  We had left behind the realm of the sky.

Another time when I was there, with six or eight people, one man stayed behind on the rock to yodel into the valley.  We waited on the path and listened.  When he stopped, we cheered and laughed and clapped.  We couldn’t have explained why we were so happy.

Thunderhead Prong. Photo by Brian Stansberry

More Woolly Tops pix November 13, 2009

Posted by Jenny in bushwhacking, hiking, Smoky Mountains.
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I’ve received a CD of photos and videos taken by Josh and Paul of our Woolly Tops expedition.  Some of them show the waterlogged second day of our trip.  Many wonderful ones to choose from—here are a few.


The tributary of Eagle Rocks Prong we waded down (taken by Paul)


Brian contemplates the stream (taken by Josh)


Peter and Jenny forge down the stream (taken by Josh)


Jenny bushwhacks along Laurel Top ridge (taken by Josh)


Jenny's hat (taken by Josh)


We hit the A.T. (taken by Josh)


The Reaper cooks breakfast at Tricorner Knob (taken by Paul)


Hoar frost along the A.T. (taken by Josh)

The fortress of Woolly Tops November 4, 2009

Posted by Jenny in bushwhacking, hiking, Smoky Mountains.
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Four of us are at bottom of cascade for scale. Click for zoom on any picture.

Thanks to Peter for sharing a CD of  photos after  my camera was ruined in a stream.  I have also added some photos from Josh and Paul in a separate post here.

Woolly Tops is a fortress of solid stone sheathed in a mat of snarled vegetation.  On its north side it rises 3500 vertical feet from the Middle Prong of the Little Pigeon River, getting steeper and steeper toward the top.  Its west side is reached by long journeys up the tributaries of Kalanu Prong and False Gap Prong, and its east and northeast sides by Eagle Rocks Prong.  Its only weakness is the rampart that links it to Laurel Top at close to 6000 feet on the state line ridge.

I had been up the north side by way of Little Laurel Branch on a trip with the Smoky Mountains Hiking Club more than 20 years ago, and I have described that here.  Our group last weekend went up the next stream over, (Big) Laurel Branch, climbing by a route that two of us, Brian and Peter, had descended in February 2008.  It is a route that reveals the massive smooth sandstone that lurks underneath the rhododendron. You go up the right fork of Laurel Branch and then the left fork of that.

Our group consisted of Peter Barr, Brian Reed, Paul Timmons, Josh Williams, and me.  Several other serious off-trail enthusiasts joined us for the first part of the hike, while the core group planned to spend two nights out and climb up to the A.T. from the headwaters of Eagle Rocks Prong.  We were privileged


Dwight McCarter

to have Dwight McCarter join us for the first section.  He is a former backcountry ranger in the GSMNP and the author of books including Lost: A Ranger’s Journal of Search and Rescue and Mayday! Mayday! Airplane Crashes in the Great Smoky Mountains. More recently he has been researching pictographs in the Smokies—really early stuff—“Paleo,” he told us.

One of our goals was to find the remains of a 1944 plane crash near the summit of Woolly Tops.  Brian had hunted for it unsuccessfully a few times before.  Dwight gave us a hand-drawn map showing its approximate location (the map looked a bit like a pictograph), and he had stories about it.  He told us of how Ernie Dickerman (the famous wilderness advocate) had led a group of Hiking Club members in search of the crash in January 1947: until then no


Beech Staggerwing

one had found the Beech D-17 Staggerwing.  On upper Laurel Branch, Dickerman had led the way up the right fork, but some of the younger members had gone over to the left fork instead.  Eventually Dickerman’s party heard the others calling out.  They were having trouble getting up a cliffy section of the stream, though they finally made it to the top, where everyone eventually converged on the plane crash.  “I wouldn’t go up the left fork,” Dwight said.

Brian admires very large sugar maple

The new-fallen October leaves were toasting in the sunshine when we started climbing through open woods along the creek.  We were dwarfed by the soaring pillars of tulip poplar, buckeye, and basswood.  We passed the side valley that has the world’s largest hemlock, now dead from the hemlock woolly adelgid.  Our group navigated like homing pigeons, moving along at a good clip.  Dwight stopped to point out a faint bear print in the cavity formed by an overturned tree.  He always seemed to have a smile on his face.


Day hikers and backpackers at giant blowdown

After a lunch stop, the dayhiking contingent turned back and the rest of us continued, climbing ever more steeply.  Following the stream toward its source, through its higher, thinner, but more difficult stages, we came to a big dark rock house in the creekbed that was formed by a jutting layer of Thunderhead sandstone.  Strands of water came tumbling down over the “roof” in glistening beads, bouncing off the heads of any of us who unwittingly stepped into the wrong spot.  Then on we climbed, working hard, encountering bands of sandstone that we manuevered around by pulling  ourselves up the tangled rubbery arms of the rhododendron.


The rockhouse waterfall


Paul takes picture from behind waterfall


We rest in the rockhouse


Josh deals with typical off-trail obstacle


Paul is engulfed by rhodo


Brian gazes at giant cascade

Finally we came to the largest cliff of all, a menacing-looking brow of rock about 100 feet high, smooth and shining, water cascading down it.  As we gazed up at this obstacle, we noticed a dead mouse lying near our feet.  We speculated that it had fallen over the cliff.  The rockface was split by a narrow ledge that Peter and Brian had crossed on their 2008 expedition.  As we looked for a way to scramble up to reach the entry point of the ledge, Peter lunged upward to grab a rhododendron trunk and dislocated his shoulder.  We were all in suspense for about ten minutes as Peter lay on his back and Brian experimented with gently moving Peter’s arm.  Finally the misplaced shoulder popped back into place.  It turned out that Peter has a chronic problem with that shoulder, although it certainly hasn’t slowed him down in his many exploits, such as climbing all the southern 5000-footers, writing a book about North Carolina fire towers, and doing the 900 miles of trail in GSMNP.


Brian inadvertently captured Peter dislocating his shoulder

We found an alternative route up to the ledge by heaving ourselves up from one strategically placed rhododendron to another, then worked our way across.  Josh, an experienced rock climber, was the first to go, and I was next.  Toward the end of the ledge Josh crawled on his hands and knees, and I followed his example.  The drop to the right was tremendous.  The strange thing is, it makes my palms sweat when I think about it now, but at the time it didn’t seem so bad.  As I’ve mentioned before, I seem to get into the flow of the movement when I’m actually in the thick of it, even though I would describe myself as afraid of heights.


Josh, then Jenny, then Peter cross the ledge


We turned around and saw a rainbow

Up and up with our heavy packs, into a cool gray mist that had wrapped around the mountain.  Suddenly Peter called out that he saw a piece of metal!  We had come straight to the plane crash site!  As we moved closer, amorphous shapes resolved into distinct components of an aircraft.  Most poignant among the rubble of the small two-seater plane was the rusted pilot’s seat with its metal frame that stood in a nearly upright position.  Pieces of debris were scattered far around.


Peter holds piece of plane

We did not have much further to go to the overgrown top and to the one spot on the summit ridge that makes a decent campsite.  We had a 3-man tent, a 1-man tent, and a hammock.  As the dusk deepened, Brian quickly set to work starting a fire, which seemed incredible to me: it seemed he had nothing to work with but damp, rotten wood.  Brian is very much a “can-do” person.  A tall, strong fellow with an incurable love of adventure, he has bicycled in China, climbed volcanoes in Ecuador, bushwhacked through tropical jungles in Central America, and generally penetrated into the gnarliest regions of the globe.

It was when we reached the top that Brian finally discovered the small Halloween pumpkin that Peter had secretly stashed in his pack.


Brian discovers the pumpkin


A fine campfire in the fog

We had dinner and exchanged atrocious puns around the campfire before retiring for the night.  The rain and the wind were picking up.  The towering spruces with their dense crowns swayed and sighed, and I noticed just before entering my little tent for the night that I had pitched it under a precariously leaning tree. But there was no other place to put it.  During the dark hours, raindrops seemed to come in angry bursts, as if being hurled down on the tent.

I was somehow not surprised the next morning to see Brian starting a fire in the rain, although it was not as successful as the one of the night before.  We shook the water out of our tents as best we could—Paul folded the tarp that had maybe not quite protected him in his hammock— and packed up to go.  Soon we were descending to the Woolly Tops/Laurel Top col and working our way into an upper tributary of Eagle Rocks Prong.  The rhodo quickly tightened into a giant impenetrable knot.  I would stomp down on a coiling, snakelike lower branch only to become entrapped by a higher one that seemed to clutch the top of my pack.  Seeking escape from this diabolical thicket, we went to the stream.  Though Brian had been able to rockhop down it easily on an earlier trip, now it was a rushing flow of churning brown water.

It seemed that the best route lay in the stream itself, even though that meant deep wading.  We still got stuck in the grasping rhodo that overhung the stream.  From one bank to the other, then down the middle, sliding down mini-waterfalls, then on the side again, we fought our way along.  I probed with my pole to determine the water depth, but more than once found myself suddenly dropping into a hip-deep pool.

We stopped for a break and checked the time.  (I was able to look at my watch thanks to Paul’s miraculously finding it on a fallen log after the rhodo tore it off my wrist.)  Noon already!  It had taken us a couple of hours to go well under a mile, and our rate of progress had deteriorated.  We still had a very long journey along the tributary stream, then up the main branch of Eagle Rocks, to get to our planned campsite.  (No pictures on this section—we were too busy hiking.)

We all seemed to realize simultaneously that our original goal was simply impossible under these high water conditions.  The decision to make for the nearest trail was disappointing but unanimous.  Around we turned, bearing southwest toward the A.T.  After climbing and clawing our way up about 1500 vertical feet, we reached the Laurel Top ridge and burst out of the brush onto the A.T.  We were two miles west of Pecks Corner.

We passed Pecks Corner and pressed on another five miles to the shelter at Tricorner Knob.  I was feeling hypothermic in the cold rain.  I had a dry top and dry socks to change into, but no other pair of pants.  And socks would not stay dry very long if I put them into my waterlogged boots, so I put white-banded stuff sacks around my feet, which Brian said gave me the appearance of a Clydesdale.

After eating a bowlful of delicious mulligatawny that Josh had prepared for all of us according to his special recipe of rice, chicken, curry, and apple slices, I retreated into my sleeping bag, closing it up over my head.  It was a shivery night punctuated by the rumblings of obese mice among the beams of the shelter and the pelting of rain on the tin roof.

The fog started to clear in the morning.  We had something important to do: put on our Halloween masks—it had been too dark and cold the night before.  The only other occupant of the shelter, an affable fellow who was heading south along the A.T., took pictures of us in our masks.  For an audience we had a tame guinea hen that seemed to have adopted the shelter, pecking at bits of hiker detritus.  None of us could come up with a plausible theory about how it had arrived there.


A sinister group at Tricorner Knob


The chicken clearly owned the shelter

We continued east along the A.T.  Some of the evergreens had sparkling crowns of hoar frost.  From Deer Creek Gap we could see islands of hulking ridges rising through an undercast: Luftee Knob, the Plott Balsams shining pale blue in the distance.


The fog was starting to clear


Normally a trivial crossing on the Snake Den trail

From there it was a straightforward journey to the Snake Den trail and Cosby campground, where we had a shuttle car waiting.  Almost at the end, we met some hikers who told us they had just seen a bear.  And there he was, a big black furry shape that lumbered off when we approached.  He had been rooting in the ground for acorns under a giant red oak, digging a big hole with his paws in the soft earth.

I knew it had been one of those adventures that settles deep into the memory.  Those few days had flowed past in brilliant clarity.


Peter at the rockhouse falls